What number of tales crossed in Piazza Santo Stefano, that October 49 years in the past. All of it begins with measurements, these of the ten thousand tiles that for five days invented a curious timed ecosystem within the coronary heart of Bologna during which trade, artwork and a sure type of “nature” interacted with town. The measurements, due to this fact: have been these of the duvet of an ellepì, 33 centimeters by 33. And the picture – a photograph taken by Fabio Simion on a clod of earth – would be the identical that, simply a few months later, would have appeared on the duvet of a 33 rpm (the determine returns), particularly, “Air pollution”, the second work of Franco Battiato. “Air pollution” was to start with, in October, the title of the operation that had scattered tiles and artistic endeavors within the sq.. Directing the occasion, a mixture of counter-culture and enterprise, have been Gianni Sassi and Sergio Albergoni who wrote about it for Vogue house the reminiscence, that’s to say the article revealed in October 2011. Third musketeer with Sassi and Albergoni was Gianni Ummarino, the photographer who documented the Bolognese occasion, in addition to having made the covers of varied information of Space, a bunch that was a part of of the Cramps Information label of Sassi and Albergoni (identical as Battiato). The latter, to make the plot extra intricate, was additionally co-author with the Sicilian musician of the lyrics of the album “Air pollution”. To attempt to not overlook something, it also needs to be mentioned that in that October Battiato additionally held a live performance in a Bolognese gallery. He was the experimenter Battiato; the one who sang “Modern music me down” will solely are available 1980. Properly, good studying, then. Get able to return to a 1972 filled with irony and inventive need to experiment. The identical that animated the researches and utopias of the novel structure teams. The ten thousand tiles have been a big artist a number of, as they have been all numbered and signed. (Paolo Lavezzari)
Gianni Sassi, creator of the “Air pollution” occasion, threatened with a polyurethane “stone” by Piero Gilardi. Picture courtesy Gianni Ummarino.
It’s mentioned that Bologna it’s peaceable and pleasant, and an area like piazza S. Stefano interprets the “we are saying” at its greatest. A not too huge triangle, with the perimeters competing for magnificence and steadiness between historical past and contemporaneity. A porphyry sq. laid with perspective knowledge, closed to site visitors at a time when in Rome individuals nonetheless glided by automotive to St. Peter’s Sq.. Arrived beneath the 2 Towers, earlier than taking Strada Maggiore, flip proper, stroll previous the Pappagallo restaurant, go a whimsical squiggle and, within the background, the church that offers its title to the sq. seems, set between three different church buildings and non secular relics. “Right here?” Requested Gianni Sassi; “Right here,” was the reply. These of Iris Ceramica have been from Modena within the province, from Fiorano, between Maranello and Sassuolo, with out the using glories of Maranello or the notoriety of the district which reminded all Italians of the post-war reconstruction, Sassuolo, in actual fact, with its flooring ceramics. and well-priced upholstery, with aggressive pastel colours starting from gentle inexperienced to rosy, from off-white to cream.
For them, the Modenese, making information in Bologna, maybe with a title on “Il Resto del Carlino” within the pages devoted to the capital, would have had the flavour of conquest. They’d commissioned the Al.sa company in Milan (by Gianni Sassi and Sergio Albergoni, ed) to elaborate a multi-year plan for the accreditation of the picture of that entrepreneurial undertaking that may change into an industrial large at European degree, second solely to Villeroy & Boch. However nobody knew but. These have been years during which the authorities feared every little thing that came about in an city setting, within the slender hearts of the cities, the place it was simpler to search out an escape route than a strategy to go means and males for prevention. The determine of the artist was related to artwork, as a consequence of his standing illiberal of limits and guidelines.
The duvet of the catalog that accompanied the occasion.
And the intolerance, in that October 1972, typically had the profile of revolt, even violent. What then was being born in Piazza S. Stefano was a creative occasion with a robust polemical connotation proper from the title, “Air pollution, for a brand new aesthetic of air pollution”, as a result of speaking about air pollution in that season already meant going in opposition to the established guidelines and shared. Extra: the undertaking concerned the laying on the complete floor of the sq. of tiles thirty-three centimeters on both sides, with out, clearly, making them integral with the underlying flooring, if not by the use of a weak, innocent double-sided adhesive. Over a thousand sq. meters lined by ten thousand tiles, simply detachable, represented as many causes for denying the permission to occupy the sq.. Ten thousand potential bullets that, shattered into smaller items, may have given rise to hours of city warfare. Signora Cesarina, winking from the door of her historic trattoria, appeared to be having a number of enjoyable. And to say that he had seen all the colours from that little place of his, a stone’s throw from one of many hottest universities in Italy and from piazza Maggiore and by way of Ugo Bassi, historic assembly locations and the conclusion of each occasion. «Everybody is aware of me, I do know everybody. I solely know what number of pans of lasagna I put out the door for these youngsters ».
Piazza Santo Stefano, in Bologna, with the works put in. Picture courtesy Gianni Ummarino.
She favored that concept, each for the tiles that endlessly reproduced the identical clod of earth – “I used to be born within the countryside, I” – and for the artists who would populate them for an entire week. Deep down, however he by no means admitted it, he thought that among the artists or the general public would have a fast journey to style “the perfect lasagna in Bologna”. Possibly many. Pier Luigi Cervellati, well-known metropolis planning councilor of the Municipality of Bologna and past, needed to know every little thing: from shoppers to promotional causes, from ecological causes to artists’ names. Lawful and happy. Approved and completely satisfied designers, organizers, artists.
The sq. in the course of the set up of the works. Picture courtesy Gianni Ummarino.
The painter Idea Pozzati tells in a vital intervention (hosted within the catalog) in regards to the occasion in progress: «“ Tradition ”sells extra. On the giant stand in Piazza Santo Stefano, “historical past”, ceramics, nature, artwork and false ideology are exhibited. Artwork advertises ». And he continues: «The preliminary concept of returning the sq. to a digital primeval look by means of a regressive-artisanal-natural operation that contaminated the present place intrigued me. A big, synthetic nature (ceramic); a faux extra true than true; a pure double; a vital interpretation of the pure; a self-criticism of nature; a collective verification of the fact of the faux. They inform me that the en plein air assessment may have a title: “Air pollution”. It’s actually not by means of the aesthetic exaltation of air pollution that corruption and an infection are overcome ». However Pozzati’s was not the dominant thought. The true mistress on that nice Palladian of reddish faux earth was the exasperation of fiction as a critique of the involved distraction across the ecological query. Bare artwork was exhibited within the open discipline, incomprehensible and out there, tyrannical and mocked, query and no reply, to persuade a small inhabitants of holiday makers to query themselves in regards to the form of the long run. Additionally it is true that beneath the ft of that little individuals there was the product of an organization, maybe not so innocent.
Picture courtesy Fabio Simion.